How to send and receive data using the HttpClient Library in Ionic apps?

Ionic Framework creates the frontend side of Hybrid Mobile Applications. The front end should be connected to a backend for data storage and manipulation to complete application development. We can handle data using HttpClient Library.

To send and receive data through an API in Ionic apps, we can follow the steps given below.

  1. Install necessary dependencies: Ensure you have the required dependencies installed. Use npm or yarn to install the @angular/common/http module, which is used for making HTTP requests.
  2. Create a service: Generate a service in your Ionic app to handle API requests. Use the Ionic CLI command ionic generate service services/api to create a new service named “api.service” (you can change the name as per your preference).
  3. Implement API methods: Open the generated “api.service.ts” file and define the methods for sending and receiving data through the API. For example, you might have methods like get(endpoint: string), post(endpoint: string, data: any), put(endpoint: string, data: any), delete(endpoint: string), etc.Inside these methods, use the Angular HttpClient module to make the actual HTTP requests. For instance, to make a GET request:
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class ApiService {
  private apiUrl = ''; // Replace with your API URL

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

  get(endpoint: string) {
    const url = `${this.apiUrl}/${endpoint}`;
    return this.http.get(url);

  // Implement other methods (post, put, delete) similarly

The HttpClient Library

The HttpClient library is a module provided by Angular that allows you to send HTTP requests and handle responses in your Angular and Ionic applications. It simplifies the process of making HTTP calls to APIs and provides a convenient way to interact with backend services.

Below is a list of some key features and functionalities of the HttpClient library.

HttpClient Library – Features and Functionalities

  1. HTTP methods: The HttpClient library supports the standard HTTP methods: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, etc. You can use these methods to interact with RESTful APIs and perform CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations.
  2. Request and response handling: The HttpClient module provides methods such as get(), post(), put(), delete(), etc., that allow you to send HTTP requests to a specified URL and handle the responses. You can subscribe to the Observable returned by these methods to receive the response asynchronously.
  3. URL construction and query parameters: The HttpClient module helps you construct the complete URL for your API requests by allowing you to specify the endpoint URL and query parameters. You can pass query parameters as an object or as an HttpParams instance, which simplifies the process of building URLs with dynamic query strings.
  4. Request headers: You can add custom headers to your HTTP requests using the HttpHeaders class. This allows you to include information such as authorization tokens, content type, and other metadata required by the API.
  5. Error handling: The HttpClient module provides mechanisms to handle errors that may occur during the HTTP request/response cycle. You can handle errors through the error callback of the subscription or use operators like catchError to handle specific types of errors.
  6. Interceptors: Interceptors in the HttpClient module allow you to intercept and modify HTTP requests and responses globally before they are sent or received. Interceptors are useful for tasks like adding authentication headers, logging, or manipulating data.
  7. Response types: The HttpClient module provides options to specify the expected response type when making requests. It supports parsing the response as JSON, text, Blob, ArrayBuffer, or letting Angular automatically infer the response type based on the Content-Type header.


We can handle data using the HttpClient library. It allows you to easily integrate APIs into your Ionic app, fetch data from a server, and send data to a server. We can handle responses, and handle errors in a concise and efficient manner.

We can pass an API URL to the HttpClient method, for example, the Laravel Route URL discussed in the previous tutorial.